The Serverless Framework helps you develop and deploy your Tencent SCF (Serverless Cloud Function), along with the Tencent infrastructure resources they require. It's a CLI that offers structure, automation and best practices out-of-the-box, allowing you to focus on building sophisticated, event-driven, serverless architectures, comprised of Functions and Events.
The Serverless Framework is different from other application frameworks because:
- It manages your code as well as your infrastructure
- It supports multiple languages (Node.js, Python, PHP, and more)
Here are the Framework's main concepts and how they pertain to Tencent Serverless Cloud Functions.
A Function is an Tencent Serverless Cloud Function. It's an independent unit of deployment, like a microservice. It's merely code, deployed in the cloud, that is most often written to perform a single job such as:
- Saving a user to the database
- Processing a file in a database
- Performing a scheduled task
You can perform multiple jobs in your code, but we don't recommend doing that without good reason. Separation of concerns is best and the Framework is designed to help you easily develop and deploy Functions, as well as manage lots of them.
Anything that triggers an Tencent SCF to execute is regarded by the Framework as an Event. Events are infrastructure events on SCF such as:
- An API Gateway HTTP endpoint request (e.g., for a REST API)
- A COS bucket upload (e.g., for an image)
- A scheduled task (e.g., run every 5 minutes)
- And more...
When you define an event for your functions in the Serverless Framework, the Framework will automatically create any infrastructure necessary for that event (e.g., an API Gateway endpoint) and configure your SCF functions to listen to it.
Resources are Tencent Cloud infrastructure components which your Functions use such as:
- An API Gateway Service and API (e.g., for a REST API)
- A COS Bucket (e.g., for saving images or files)
- A Cloud Kafka Topic (e.g., for sending messages)
- And more...
For scheduled task and API Gateway, The Serverless Framework not only deploys your Functions and the Events that trigger them, but it also deploys the Tencent Cloud infrastructure components your Functions depend upon.
A Service is the Framework's unit of organization. You can think of it as a project file, though you can have multiple services for a single application. It's where you define your Functions, the Events that trigger them, and the Resources your Functions use, all in one file entitled
serverless.js). It looks like this:
# serverless.yml service: users functions: # Your "Functions" hello_world: events: # The "Events" that trigger this function - timer: name: timer parameters: cronExpression: '0 */1 * * *' enable: false function_two: events: - apigw: name: hello_world_apigw parameters: stageName: release httpMethod: ANY
When you deploy with the Framework by running
serverless deploy, everything in
serverless.yml is deployed at once.
You can overwrite or extend the functionality of the Framework using Plugins. Every
serverless.yml can contain a
plugins: property, which features multiple plugins.
# serverless.yml plugins: - serverless-tencent-scf - serverless-secrets