#Monitoring

Serverless Monitoring help you monitor, develop and optimize your serverless application by providing key metrics and alerts.

#Installing

Monitoring is enabled by default when you deploy a Service using the Serverless Framework CLI.

#Configuration

Serverless Framework, when configured to connect to the Serverless Framework Pro Dashboard, will automatically collect three pieces of diagnostics:

  • Lambda Log Collection
  • AWS Spans
  • HTTP Spans

Lambda Log Collection

Serverless Framework Pro will enable log collection by adding a CloudWatch Logs Subscription to send logs that match a particular pattern to our infrastructure for processing. This is used for generating metrics and alerts.

When deploying, Serverless Framework will also create an IAM role in your account that allows the Serverless Framework backend to call FilterLogEvents on the CloudWatch Log Groups that are created in the Service being deployed. This is used to display the CloudWatch logs error details views alongside the stack trace.

If you have an existing CloudWatch Logs Subscription on your Log Group, please see the section on pull-based log ingestion.

#If you wish to disable log collection, set the following options:

If you wish to disable log collection, set the following option:

serverless.yml

custom:
  enterprise:
    collectLambdaLogs: false

AWS Spans

Serverless Framework Pro will instrument the use of the AWS SDK to show use of AWS services by your Lambda function. This information provides a valuable visualization of what is happening inside your lambda function, including how long calls to services like DynamoDB, S3 and others are taking.

If you wish to disable AWS Span collection, set fhe following option:

serverless.yml

custom:
  enterprise:
    disableAwsSpans: true

HTTP(s) Spans

Serverless Framework Pro will instrument the use of HTTP(s) by your Lambda function. Much like the AWS Spans, HTTP(s) spans will provide a visualization of the external communication that your function is invoking, including the duration of those sessions.

If you wish to disable Http Span collection, set fhe following option:

serverless.yml

custom:
  enterprise:
    disableHttpSpans: true

#Advanced Configuration Options

#Uploading Source Map

The New Error Alert and the Error Metrics can be used to view the stack trace for the occurrence of an error. Tools like Webpack and Typescript generate the packaged code and therefore may obfuscate the stack trace. The Serverless Framework Enterprise Plugin and SDK support sourcemaps to properly generate the stack trace.

To use a sourcemap, ensure that your packaging directory includes the compiled source, original source, and the source maps.

For example, if your directory structure is:

$ ls -l dist/* src/*
-rw-r--r--  1 dschep  staff   576B Mar 21 17:21 dist/handler.js
-rw-r--r--  1 dschep  staff   911B Mar 21 17:21 dist/handler.js.map
-rw-r--r--  1 dschep  staff   451B Mar 22 12:13 src/handler.js

Then you should have a packaging directory that includes all the files above:

package:
  include:
    - src/*.js
    - dist/*.js
    - dist/*.js.map

#Capturing non-fatal errors

Your lambda function may throw an exception, but your function handles it in order to respond to the requestor without throwing the error. One very common example is functions tied to HTTP endpoints. Those usually should still return JSON, even if there is an error since the API Gateway integration will fail rather than returning a meaningful error.

For this case, we provide a captureError function available on either the context or on the module imported from './serverless_sdk' in NodeJS or serverless_sdk in Python. This will cause the invocation to still display as an error in the serverless dashboard while allowing you to return an error to the user.

Here is an example of how to use it from the context object:

module.exports.hello = async (event, context) => {
  try {
    // do some real stuff but it throws an error, oh no!
    throw new Error('aa');
  } catch (error) {
    context.captureError(error);
  }
  return {
    statusCode: 500,
    body: JSON.stringify({ name: 'bob' }),
  };
};

Full NodeJS Documentation

Full Python Documentation

#AWS SDK spans

Serverless automatically instruments aws-sdk and boto3(botocore specifically) in NodeJS and Python. Calls(service & operation. eg: S3 putItem) to the SDK are show in the invocation detail in the dashboard.

#HTTP spans

Serverless also instruments your lambdas to report the spans for HTTP & HTTPS requests. In NodeJS the http and https modules are instrumented, so any library built upon those will be captured. In Python, the urllib3(thus requests) and urllib2(in Python2) and urlib.request(in Python3) libraries are instrumented to capture HTTP & HTTPS requests.

By default, requests to AWS are not captured because of the above AWS SDK instrumentation which provides more insight into the request.

Configuration docs

#Custom function spans

You can also instrument your own spans for services not covered by AWS SDK & HTTP span instrumentation such as databases.

Here's an example of how to instrument a block of code in NodeJS:

module.exports.handler = async (event, context) => {
  await context.span('some-label', async () => {
    // The execution of this function is captured as a span.
    // It is automatically invoked with no arguments and awaited.
  });
};

Full NodeJS Documentation

Full Python Documentation

#Pull-based log ingestion

The default monitoring path for the Serverless Framework Pro involves setting up a Subscription Filter on your CloudWatch Log Group to send selected logs to the Serverless Framework Pro ingestion system.

AWS currently has a hard limit of one Subscription Filter per Log Group. If you try to deploy with the Serverless Framework Pro plugin, you'll get an error saying the resource limit was exceeded.

If you want to keep your existing Subscription while still adding Serverless Framework Pro support, you can enable pull-based log ingestion using the following syntax in your serverless.yml:

custom:
  enterprise:
    logIngestMode: pull

With pull-based ingestion, the Serverless Framework Pro infrastructure will periodically request logs from your CloudWatch Log Group and send them into our system.

Please note that using the pull-based log ingestion method will result in delays in ingesting your logs. This delay is usually between 30 and 120 seconds. As such, we recommend only using the pull-based log ingestion method in a development environment or when testing the features of Serverless Framework Pro.

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